Зміна розміру диска в vbox
Написав    Понеділок, 05 липня 2010, 18:06    PDF Друк e-mail
Адміністрування

Дуже поширена проблема з неможливістю змінити розміри Virtual Disk для VirtualBox. По нету гуляє багато описів, що це зробити неможливо або ж дуже великі талмуди з описом в 9 і більше кроків. Для реалізації викристаємо VBoxManage, що постачається разом з VirtualBox.

  • Спочатку потрібно створити новий Virtual Disk з потрібним розміром. Тоді команда для створення нового Virtual Disk матеме вигляд:

# VBoxManage createhd --filename /tmp/7e.vdi --size 1000000

  • Тепер переносим інформацію з старого диска на новий. Команда для копіювання інформації з старого Virtual Disk на новий матеме вигляд:

 # VBoxManage clonehd /tmp/7.vdi /tem/7e.vdi --existing
VirtualBox Command Line Management Interface Version 3.0.8_OSE
(C) 2005-2009 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
All rights reserved.

0%...10%...20%...30%...40%...50%...60%...70%...80%...90%...100%
Clone hard disk created in format 'VDI'. UUID: xxx-xxx-xxx-xxx-xxx

  • Наступним кроком є запуск VirtualBox з використанням нового диска.
  • Використовуючи засоби установленої операційної системи, змінюємо розмір диска, приєднавши вільне місце на вінчестері.

ВСЕ!

Для тих кого зацікавив VBoxManage наводжу інформацію про інші можливості:

VBoxManage [-v|--version]    print version number and exit
VBoxManage [-q|--nologo] ... suppress the logo

VBoxManage list [--long|-l] vms|runningvms|ostypes|hostdvds|hostfloppies|
                            bridgedifs|hostonlyifs|dhcpservers|hostinfo|
                            hddbackends|hdds|dvds|floppies|
                            usbhost|usbfilters|systemproperties

VBoxManage showvminfo       <uuid>|<name> [--details] [--statistics]
                            [--machinereadable]

VBoxManage registervm       <filename>

VBoxManage unregistervm     <uuid>|<name> [--delete]

VBoxManage createvm         --name <name>
                            [--ostype <ostype>]
                            [--register]
                            [--basefolder <path> | --settingsfile <path>]
                            [--uuid <uuid>]

VBoxManage modifyvm         <uuid|name>
                            [--name <name>]
                            [--ostype <ostype>]
                            [--memory <memorysize in MB>]
                            [--vram <vramsize in MB>]
                            [--acpi on|off]
                            [--ioapic on|off]
                            [--pae on|off]
                            [--hwvirtex on|off]
                            [--nestedpaging on|off]
                            [--vtxvpid on|off]
                            [--cpus <number>]
                            [--monitorcount <number>]
                            [--accelerate3d <on|off>]
                            [--bioslogofadein on|off]
                            [--bioslogofadeout on|off]
                            [--bioslogodisplaytime <msec>]
                            [--bioslogoimagepath <imagepath>]
                            [--biosbootmenu disabled|menuonly|messageandmenu]
                            [--biossystemtimeoffset <msec>]
                            [--biospxedebug on|off]
                            [--boot<1-4> none|floppy|dvd|disk|net>]
                            [--hd<a|b|d> none|<uuid>|<filename>]
                            [--idecontroller PIIX3|PIIX4]
                            [--sata on|off]
                            [--sataportcount <1-30>]
                            [--sataport<1-30> none|<uuid>|<filename>]
                            [--sataideemulation<1-4> <1-30>]
                            [--scsi on|off]
                            [--scsiport<1-16> none|<uuid>|<filename>]
                            [--scsitype LsiLogic|BusLogic]
                            [--dvd none|<uuid>|<filename>|host:<drive>]
                            [--dvdpassthrough on|off]
                            [--floppy disabled|empty|<uuid>|
                                      <filename>|host:<drive>]
                            [--nic<1-N> none|null|nat|bridged|intnet|hostonly]
                            [--nictype<1-N> Am79C970A|Am79C973|
                                            82540EM|82543GC|82545EM]
                            [--cableconnected<1-N> on|off]
                            [--nictrace<1-N> on|off]
                            [--nictracefile<1-N> <filename>]
                            [--nicspeed<1-N> <kbps>]
                            [--bridgeadapter<1-N> none|<devicename>]
                            [--hostonlyadapter<1-N> none|<devicename>]
                            [--intnet<1-N> <network name>]
                            [--natnet<1-N> <network>|default]
                            [--macaddress<1-N> auto|<mac>]
                            [--uart<1-N> off|<I/O base> <IRQ>]
                            [--uartmode<1-N> disconnected|
                                             server <pipe>|
                                             client <pipe>|
                                             file <file>|
                                             <devicename>]
                            [--gueststatisticsinterval <seconds>]
                            [--audio none|null|oss|alsa|pulse]
                            [--audiocontroller ac97|sb16]
                            [--clipboard disabled|hosttoguest|guesttohost|
                                         bidirectional]
                            [--usb on|off]
                            [--usbehci on|off]
                            [--snapshotfolder default|<path>]

VBoxManage import           <ovf> [--dry-run|-n] [more options]
    (run with -n to have options displayed for a particular OVF)

VBoxManage export           <machines> --output|-o <ovf>
                            [--legacy09]
                            [--vsys <number of virtual system>]
                                    [--product <product name>]
                                    [--producturl <product url>]
                                    [--vendor <vendor name>]
                                    [--vendorurl <vendor url>]
                                    [--version <version info>]
                                    [--eula <license text>]
                                    [--eulafile <filename>]

VBoxManage startvm          <uuid>|<name>
                            [--type gui|sdl|headless]

VBoxManage controlvm        <uuid>|<name>
                            pause|resume|reset|poweroff|savestate|
                            acpipowerbutton|acpisleepbutton|
                            keyboardputscancode <hex> [<hex> ...]|
                            injectnmi|
                            setlinkstate<1-N> on|off |
                            usbattach <uuid>|<address> |
                            usbdetach <uuid>|<address> |
                            dvdattach none|<uuid>|<filename>|host:<drive> |
                            floppyattach none|<uuid>|<filename>|host:<drive> |
                            setvideomodehint <xres> <yres> <bpp> [display]|
                            setcredentials <username> <password> <domain>
                                           [--allowlocallogon <yes|no>]

VBoxManage discardstate     <uuid>|<name>

VBoxManage adoptstate       <uuid>|<name> <state_file>

VBoxManage snapshot         <uuid>|<name>
                            take <name> [--description <desc>] |
                            discard <uuid>|<name> |
                            discardcurrent --state|--all |
                            edit <uuid>|<name>|--current
                                 [--name <name>]
                                 [--description <desc>] |
                            showvminfo <uuid>|<name>

VBoxManage openmedium       disk|dvd|floppy <filename>
                            [--type normal|immutable|writethrough] (disk only)

VBoxManage closemedium      disk|dvd|floppy <uuid>|<filename>

VBoxManage showhdinfo       <uuid>|<filename>

VBoxManage createhd         --filename <filename>
                            --size <megabytes>
                            [--format VDI|VMDK|VHD] (default: VDI)
                            [--variant Standard,Fixed,Split2G,Stream,ESX]
                            [--type normal|writethrough] (default: normal)
                            [--comment <comment>]
                            [--remember]

VBoxManage modifyhd         <uuid>|<filename>
                            [--type normal|writethrough|immutable]
                            [--autoreset on|off]
                            [--compact]

VBoxManage clonehd          <uuid>|<filename> <outputfile>
                            [--format VDI|VMDK|VHD|RAW|<other>]
                            [--variant Standard,Fixed,Split2G,Stream,ESX]
                            [--type normal|writethrough|immutable]
                            [--remember] [--existing]

VBoxManage convertfromraw   <filename> <outputfile>
                            [--format VDI|VMDK|VHD]
                            [--variant Standard,Fixed,Split2G,Stream,ESX]
VBoxManage convertfromraw   stdin <outputfile> <bytes>
                            [--format VDI|VMDK|VHD]
                            [--variant Standard,Fixed,Split2G,Stream,ESX]

VBoxManage addiscsidisk     --server <name>|<ip>
                            --target <target>
                            [--port <port>]
                            [--lun <lun>]
                            [--encodedlun <lun>]
                            [--username <username>]
                            [--password <password>]
                            [--type normal|writethrough|immutable]
                            [--comment <comment>]
                            [--intnet]

VBoxManage getextradata     global|<uuid>|<name>
                            <key>|enumerate

VBoxManage setextradata     global|<uuid>|<name>
                            <key>
                            [<value>] (no value deletes key)

VBoxManage setproperty      hdfolder default|<folder> |
                            machinefolder default|<folder> |
                            vrdpauthlibrary default|<library> |
                            websrvauthlibrary default|null|<library> |
                            loghistorycount <value>

VBoxManage usbfilter        add <index,0-N>
                            --target <uuid>|<name>|global
                            --name <string>
                            --action ignore|hold (global filters only)
                            [--active yes|no] (yes)
                            [--vendorid <XXXX>] (null)
                            [--productid <XXXX>] (null)
                            [--revision <IIFF>] (null)
                            [--manufacturer <string>] (null)
                            [--product <string>] (null)
                            [--remote yes|no] (null, VM filters only)
                            [--serialnumber <string>] (null)
                            [--maskedinterfaces <XXXXXXXX>]

VBoxManage usbfilter        modify <index,0-N>
                            --target <uuid>|<name>|global
                            [--name <string>]
                            [--action ignore|hold] (global filters only)
                            [--active yes|no]
                            [--vendorid <XXXX>|""]
                            [--productid <XXXX>|""]
                            [--revision <IIFF>|""]
                            [--manufacturer <string>|""]
                            [--product <string>|""]
                            [--remote yes|no] (null, VM filters only)
                            [--serialnumber <string>|""]
                            [--maskedinterfaces <XXXXXXXX>]

VBoxManage usbfilter        remove <index,0-N>
                            --target <uuid>|<name>|global

VBoxManage sharedfolder     add <vmname>|<uuid>
                            --name <name> --hostpath <hostpath>
                            [--transient] [--readonly]

VBoxManage sharedfolder     remove <vmname>|<uuid>
                            --name <name> [--transient]

VBoxManage vmstatistics     <vmname>|<uuid> [--reset]
                            [--pattern <pattern>] [--descriptions]

VBoxManage guestproperty    get <vmname>|<uuid>
                            <property> [--verbose]

VBoxManage guestproperty    set <vmname>|<uuid>
                            <property> [<value> [--flags <flags>]]

VBoxManage guestproperty    enumerate <vmname>|<uuid>
                            [--patterns <patterns>]

VBoxManage guestproperty    wait <vmname>|<uuid> <patterns>
                            [--timeout <milliseconds>] [--fail-on-timeout]

VBoxManage metrics          list [*|host|<vmname> [<metric_list>]]
                                                 (comma-separated)

VBoxManage metrics          setup
                            [--period <seconds>]
                            [--samples <count>]
                            [--list]
                            [*|host|<vmname> [<metric_list>]]

VBoxManage metrics          query [*|host|<vmname> [<metric_list>]]

VBoxManage metrics          collect
                            [--period <seconds>]
                            [--samples <count>]
                            [--list]
                            [--detach]
                            [*|host|<vmname> [<metric_list>]]

VBoxManage hostonlyif       ipconfig <name>
                            [--dhcp |
                            --ip<ipv4> [--netmask<ipv4> (def: 255.255.255.0)] |
                            --ipv6<ipv6> [--netmasklengthv6<length> (def: 64)]]

VBoxManage dhcpserver       add|modify --netname <network_name> |
                                       --ifname <hostonly_if_name>
                                [--ip <ip_address>
                                 --netmask <network_mask>
                                 --lowerip <lower_ip>
                                 --upperip <upper_ip>]
                                [--enable | --disable]
VBoxManage dhcpserver       remove --netname <network_name> |
                                   --ifname <hostonly_if_name>
 

Останнє оновлення ( Понеділок, 05 липня 2010, 19:35 )
 

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